Dr Martin How
BA. Biological Sciences, Jesus College, University of Oxford, UK.
MSc. Applied Marine Science. University of Plymouth, UK. The use of photo-identification for investigating the behaviour of the basking shark: an analysis of three years of SeaQuest Survey Data. Supervised by Dr. Gillian Glegg, University of Plymouth.
PhD. The Australian National University. The fiddler crab claw-waving display: an analysis of the structure and function of a movement-based visual signal. Supervised by Dr Jochen Zeil, Dr Jan Hemmi and Dr Richard Peters. Visual Ecology Group, ARC Centre of Excellence in Vision Science.
Despite their small size, low-resolution visual systems and relatively limited neural processing power, many invertebrates are able to perform complex visually-guided behaviours. Research questions that I am pursuing include:
- How are invertebrate eyes adapted to their local environment?
- What are the perceptual limitations of invertebrate visual systems?
- How do invertebrates extract useful information from visual input?
- How do animals exploit observer visual systems for camouflage or communication?
- What can we learn about visual systems that can be applied to the design of biomimetic machines?
- How, M.J., Christy, J., Temple, S. E., Hemmi, J. M., Marshall, N. J., Roberts, N.W. 2015. Target detection is enhanced by polarization vision in a fiddler crab. Current Biology. 25: 3069–3073.
- Gagnon, Y.L., Templin, R.M., How, M.J., Marshall, N.J. 2015. Circularly polarized light as a communication signal in mantis shrimp. Current Biology. 25: 3074–3078.
- Enright, J. M., Toomey, M. B., Sato, S, Temple, S. E., Allen, J. E., Fujiwara, R., Kramlinger, V. M., Nagy, L. D., Johnson, K. M., Xiao, Y., How, M. J., Johnson, S. L., Roberts, N. W., Kefalov, V. J., Guengerich, F. P., Corbo, J. C. Cyp27c1 red-shifts the spectral sensitivity of photoreceptors by converting vitamin A1 into A2. Current Biology 25: 3048-3057.
- How, M.J., Christy, J., Roberts, N.W. and Marshall, N.J. 2014. Null point of discrimination in crustacean polarisation vision. Journal of Experimental Biology. In press.
- Thoen, H.T., How, M.J., Chiou, T-H. & Marshall, N.J. 2014. A new form of colour vision in the mantis shrimp. Science. 343(6169): 411-413
- How, M. J., & Marshall, N. J. 2014. Polarization distance: a framework for modelling object detection by polarization vision systems. Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, 281(1776): 20131632.
- How, M.J. & Zanker, J.M. 2014. Motion camouflage induced by zebra stripes. Zoology. In Press.
- Alkaladi, A., How, M.J. & Zeil, J. 2013. Systematic variations in microvilli banding patterns along fiddler crab rhabdoms. Journal of Comparative Physiology A. 199(2): 99-113
- How, M.J., Pignatelli, V., Te mple, S.E., Marshall, N.J. and Hemmi, J.M. 2012. High e-vector acuity in the polarisation vision system of the fiddler crab Uca vomeris. Journal of Experimental Biology. 215: 2128-2134
- Temple, S.E., Pignatelli, V., Cook, T., How, M.J., Chiou, T-H., Roberts, N.W., and Marshall, N.J. 2012. High-resolution polarization vision in a cuttlefish. Current Biology. 22:R121-R122
- Zylinski, S., How, M.J., Osorio, D., Hanlon, R.T., and Marshall, N.J. 2011. To be seen or to hide: visual characteristics of body patterns for camouflage and communication in the Australian giant cuttlefish Sepia apama. American Naturalist. 177:681-690
- Williams, S.B., Pizarro, O., How, M.J., Hanlon, R., Mercer, D., and Powell, G. 2009. Surveying nocturnal cuttlefish camouflage behaviour using an AUV. IEEE International Conference on Robotics and Automation. 214-219.
- How, M.J., Zeil, J. and Hemmi, J.M. 2009. Variability of a dynamic visual signal: The fiddler crab claw-waving display. Journal of Comparative Physiology A. 195:55-67
- How, M.J. and Hemmi, J.M. 2008. Courtship herding in the fiddler crab Uca elegans. Journal of Comparative Physiology A. 194:1053-1061
- How, M.J. and Hemmi, J.M. 2008. Courtship herding in the fiddler crab Uca elegans: tracking control systems. Animal Behaviour. 76:1259-1265
- How, M.J. 2008. The fiddler crab claw-waving display: an analysis of the structure and function of a movement-based visual signal. PhD Thesis: The Australian National University, Canberra. (http://thesis.anu.edu.au/public/adt-ANU20081001.111333/index.html)
- How, M.J., Hemmi, J.M., Zeil, J. and Peters, R.A. 2008. Claw waving display changes with receiver distance in the fiddler crab, Uca perplexa. Animal Behaviour. 75:1015-1022
- How, M.J., Zeil, J. and Hemmi, J.M. 2007. Differences in context and function of two distinct waving displays in the fiddler crabs, Uca perplexa (Decapoda: Ocypodidae).Behavioural Ecology and Sociobiology. 62:137-148