Roberts, N. W. Polarisation Vision of Fishes. In Polarized Light and Polarization Vision in Animal SciencesSpringer Series in Vision Research Volume 2, 2014, pp 225-247. LINK

Marshall N. J., Roberts, N. W. and Cronin T. W. Polarization Signals. In Polarized Light and Polarization Vision in Animal Sciences, Springer Series in Vision Research Volume 2, 2014, pp 407-442. LINK

McGregor, J. E., Temple, S. E., and Horvath, G. Human polarization sensitivity. In Polarized Light and Polarization Vision in Animal Sciences, Springer Series in Vision Research Volume 2, 2014, pp 303-315. LINK



104. Kam, J.H., Weinrich, T.W., Shinhmar, H., Powner, M.B., Roberts, N.W., Aboelnour, A. and Jeffery G. 2019 Fundamental differences in patterns of retinal ageing between species. Primates are not mice. Scientific Reports 9 (1) 12574 DOI:

103. Feller, K.D., Wilby, D., Jacucci, G., Vignolini, S., Mantell, J., Wardill, T., Cronin, T.W. and Roberts, N.W. 2019 Long-wavelength reflecting filters found in the larval retinas of one mantis shrimp family (Nannosquillidae) Current Biology 29 (18), P3101-3108.E4, DOI:

102. Smithers, S., Roberts, N.W. and How, M.J. 2019 Parallel processing of polarization and intensity information in fiddler crab vision Science Advances 5, (8), eaax3572
doi: 10.1126/sciadv.aax3572

101. Daly, I.M., How, M.J., Partridge, J.C. and Roberts, N. W. 2019 Gaze stabilization in mantis shrimp in response to angled stimuli. Journal of Comparative Physiology A 205 (4) 515–527.

100. Wang, X., Gao, J. and Roberts, N. W. 2019 Bio-inspired orientation using the polarization pattern in the sky based on artificial neural networks. Optics Express 27 13681-13693. doi: 10.1364/OE.27.013681

99. Temple, S.E., Roberts, N. W. and Misson, G. P. 2019 Haidinger’s brushes elicited at varying degrees of polarization rapidly and easily assesses total macular pigmentation. Journal of the Optical Society of America A 36 (4): B123-B131.

98. Caro, T., Argueta Y., Briolat, E.S., Bruggink, J., Kasprowsky, M., Lake, J., Mitchell, M.J., Richardson, S., and  How, M. 2019 Benefits of zebra stripes: Behaviour of tabanid flies around zebras and horses PLoS one,

97. Marshall, N.J., Powell, S.B., Cronin, T.W., Caldwell, R.L., Johnsen, S., Gruev, V., Chiou, T.H.S., Roberts, N.W. and How, M.J., 2019. Polarisation signals: a new currency for communication. Journal of Experimental Biology, 222(3), jeb134213.


96. Fleming, J.F., Kristensen, R.M., Sørensen, M.V., Park, T-Y. S., Arakawa, K., Blaxter, M., Rebecchi, L., Guidetti, R., Williams, T.A., Roberts, N.W., Vinther, J. and Pisani, D. 2018 Molecular palaeontology illuminates the evolution of ecdysozoan vision Proceedings of the Royal Society B 285(1892): 20182180. doi: 10.1098/rspb.2018.2180

95. Conrad Helm, Michael J Bok, Pat Hutchings, Elena Kupriyanova and María Capa. 2018 Developmental studies provide new insights into the evolution of sense organs in Sabellariidae (Annelida) BMC Evolutionary Biology 18:149

94. Smithers, S.P., Rooney, R., Wilson, A., Stevens, M. 2018 Rock pool fish use a combination of colour change and substrate choice to improve camouflage. Animal Behaviour 144 53-65

93. Bok, M.J., Roberts, N.W., and Cronin, T.W. 2018 Behavioural evidence for polychromatic ultraviolet sensitivity in mantis shrimp Proceedings of the Royal Society B 285 20181384. doi: 10.1098/rspb.2018.1384

92. Kirwan, J. D., Bok, M. J., Smolka, J., Foster, J. J., Hernández, J. C. and Nilsson, D. E. 2018 The sea urchin Diadema africanum uses low resolution vision to find shelter and deter enemies Journal of Experimental Biology. 221, 14, jeb176271

91. Valdez-Lopez, J. C., Donohue, M. W., Bok, M. J., Wolf, J., Cronin, T. W. & Porter, M. L. 2018 Sequence, Structure, and Expression of Opsins in the Monochromatic Stomatopod Squilla empusa Integrative and Comparative Biology. icy007

90. Wilby, D., Riches, S., Daly, I., Bird, A., Wheelwright, M. and Foster, J. 2018 Hermit crabs (Pagurus bernhardus) use visual contrast in self- assessment of camouflage. Journal of Experimental Biology 221 jeb173831 doi:10.1242/jeb.173831

89. Winters, A.E., Wilson, N.G., van den Berg, C., How, M.J., Endler, J., Marshall, N.J., and Cheney, K.L. 2018. Toxicity and taste: unequal chemical defences in a mimicry ring. Proceedings of the Royal Society B. 285 20180457   doi:10.1098/rspb.20180457

88. Daly, I.M., How, M.J., Partridge, J.C. and Roberts N.W. 2018. Complex gaze stabilization in mantis shrimp Proceedings of the Royal Society B  DOI: 10.1098/rspb.2018.0594

87. Tibbs, A.B., Daly, I.M., Bull, D.R. and Roberts, N.W., 2018. Noise creates polarization artefacts. Bioinspiration & Biomimetics 13 015005 doi: 10.1088/1748-3190/aa9e22

86. Tibbs, A.B., Daly, I.M., Roberts, N.W. and Bull, D.R., 2018. Denoising Imaging Polarimetry by Adapted BM3D Method.  Journal of the Optical Society of America A, 35(4), 690-701. doi:10.1364/JOSAA.35.000690   (arXiv (preprint) arXiv:1711.04853 doi: arXiv:1711.04853v2)

85. Foster, J.J.,Temple, S.E., How, M.J., Daly, I.M., Sharkey, C.R. Wilby, D. and Roberts N.W.. 2018. Polarization Vision: Overcoming Challenges of Working with a Property of Light We Barely See. The Science of Nature. 105(3-4) 27. doi:10.1007/s00114-018-1551-3


84. Smithers, S.P., Wilson, A., Stevens, M. 2017 Rock pool gobies change their body pattern in response to background features. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society. 121(1) 109-121.

83. Bok, MJ, ML Porter, HA ten Hove, R Smith & D-E. Nilsson. 2017. Radiolar Eyes of Serpulid Worms (Annelida, Serpulidae): Structures, Function, and Phototransduction. The Biological Bulletin, 233, 39-57.

82. D-E Nilsson & MJ Bok. 2017. Low-Resolution Vision—at the Hub of Eye Evolution. Integrative and Comparative Biology, 57: 1066-1070.

81. Cronin,TW, MJ Bok, & C Lin. 2017. Crustacean Larvae—Vision in the Plankton. Integrative and Comparative Biology, 57: 1139-1150.

80. Bok, MJ, ML Porter & D-E Nilsson. 2017. Phototransduction in fan worm radiolar eyes. Current Biology, 27: R698-R699.

79. Winters, A., Green, N., Wilson, N., How, M., Garson, M., Marshall, J. and Cheney, K. 2017 Stabilising selection on individual pattern elements of aposematic signals. Proceedings of the Royal Society B 284(1861): 20170926. doi: 10.1098/rspb.2017.0926

78. Templin, R.M., How, M.J., Roberts, N.W., Chiou, T-H. and Marshall J. 2017  Circularly polarized light detection in stomatopod crustaceans: a comparison of photoreceptors and possible function in six species. Journal of Experimental Biology 220: 3222-3230 doi: 10.1242/jeb.162941

77. Innes C. Cuthill, William L. Allen, Kevin Arbuckle, Barbara Caspers, George Chaplin, Mark Hauber, Geoffrey E. Hill, Nina Jablonski, Chris D. Jiggins, Almut Kelber, Johanna Mappes, Justin Marshall, Richard Merrill, Daniel Osorio, Richard Prum, Nicholas W.  Roberts, Alexandre Roulin, Hannah Rowland, Thomas Sherratt, John Skelhorn, Michael P. Speed, Martin Stevens, Mary Caswell Stoddard, Devi Stuart-Fox, Laszlo Talas, Elizabeth Tibbetts and Tim Caro. 2017 The biology of color. Science 357 (6350): eaan0221  doi: 10.1126/science.aan0221

76. How, M.J., Norman. M.D., Finn, J.,  Chung. W-S. and  Marshall, N.J. 2017 Dynamic skin patterns in cephalopods. Frontiers in Physiology doi: 10.3389/fphys.2017.00393

75. Daly, I.M., Tetley, A.E., Jared, S.L., How, M.J. and Roberts, N.W. 2017 Colour preference in Odontodactylus scyllarus (Linnaeus, 1758) (Stomatopoda). Journal of Crustacean Biology rux038. doi: 10.1093/jcbiol/rux038

74. Phillips, G.A.C.. How, M.J., Lange, J.E., Marshall, J., Cheney, K. 2017 Disruptive colouration in reef fish: does matching the background reduce predation risk? Journal of Experimental Biology 220: 1962-1974 doi: 10.1242/jeb.151480

73. Wilby, D., Roberts, N.W. 2017 Optical influence of oil droplets on cone photoreceptor sensitivity. Journal of Experimental Biology 220: 1997-2004  doi: 10.1242/jeb.152918

72. Feller, K.D., Jordan, T.M. Wilby, D. and Roberts, N.W. 2017 Selection of the intrinsic polarization properties of animal optical materials creates enhanced structural reflectivity and camouflage  Phil. Trans. R. Soc. B 372 20160336. doi: 10.1098/rstb.2016.0336

71. Maxwell, D.J., Partridge, J.C., Roberts, N.W., Boonham, N. and Foster, G.D. 2017 The effects of surface structure mutations in Arabidopsis thaliana on the polarization of reflections from virus-infected leaves. PLoS ONE 12(3): e0174014. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0174014

70.  Daly, I.M., How, M.J., Partridge, J.C., and Roberts, N.W.  2017 The independence of eye movements in a stomatopod crustacean is task dependent. Journal of Experimental Biology 220: 1360-1368. doi: 10.1242/jeb.153692

69. Olsson, P., Wilby, D., and Kelber, A. 2017 Spatial summation improves bird color vision in low light intensities. Vision Research 130:1-8. doi: 10.1016/j.visres.2016.10.009


68. Porter, M.L., Roberts N.W., and Partridge, J.C.  2016 Evolution under pressure and the adaptation of visual pigment compressibility in deep-sea environments. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 105 160-165. doi: 10.1016/j.ympev.2016.08.007

67. Cronin, T.W., Gagnon, Y.L., Johnsen, S., Marshall, N.J., and Roberts, N.W. 2016 Comment on Open-ocean fish reveal an omnidirectional solution to camouflage in polarized environments. Science  353 (6299) 552. doi: 10.1126/science.aaf4481

66. Toomey, M.B.,  Lind, O., Frederiksen R., Curley, Jr., R.W., Riedl, K.M., Wilby, D., Schwartz, S.J., Witt, C.C., Harrison, E.H., Roberts, N.W., Vorobyev, M., McGraw, J.M.,  Cornwall, M.C., Kelber A, and Corbo, J.C. 2016 Complementary shifts in photoreceptor spectral tuning unlock the full adaptive potential of ultraviolet vision in birds. eLife 5:e15675. doi: 10.7554/eLife.15675

65.  Daly, I.M., How, M.J., Partridge J.C., Temple S.E., Marshall N.J., Cronin T.W. and Roberts, N.W. 2016 Dynamic polarization vision in mantis shrimps. Nature Communications 7:12140.  doi: 10.1038/ncomms12140

64. Gagnon, Y.L., Wilby, D., Temple, S.E. 2016 Losing Focus: How lens position and viewing angle affect the function of multifocal lenses in fish. Journal of the Optical Society of America A 33:1901-1909. doi: 10.1364/JOSAA.33.001901

63. Olsson, P., Wilby, D., Kelber, A. 2016 Quantitative studies of animal colour constancy: using the chicken as model. Proceedings of the Royal Society B 283:20160411. doi: 10.1098/rspb.2016.0411

62.  Maxwell, D.J., Partridge, J.C., Roberts, N.W., Boonham, N. and Foster, G.D. 2016 The effects of plant virus infection on polarization reflection from leaves. PLOSone 11(4):e0152836. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0152836

61. Wang, X., Gao, J., Fan, Z., Roberts, N.W. 2016  An analytical model for the celestial distribution of polarized light, accounting for polarization singularities, wavelength and atmospheric turbidity. Journal of Optics 18(6):065601. doi: 10.1088/2040-8978/18/6/065601

60. Jordan, T.M., Wilby, D.,  Chiou, T-H., Feller, K.D., Caldwell, R.L., Cronin, T.W., Roberts, N.W. 2016 A shape-anisotropic reflective polarizer in a stomatopod crustacean. Scientific Reports  6:21774. doi: 10.1038/srep21744

59. Iwasaka, M., Mizukawa, Y., Roberts, N.W. 2016 Magnetic control of the light reflection anisotropy in a biogenic micro-guanine crystal platelet. Langmuir 32: 180-187. doi: 10.1021/acs.langmuir.5b03522


58. How, M.J., Christy, J., Temple, S. E., Hemmi, J. M., Marshall, N. J., Roberts, N.W. 2015  Target detection is enhanced by polarization vision in a fiddler crab. Current Biology. 25, 3069–3073. doi: 10.1016/j.cub.2015.09.073

57. Gagnon, Y.L., Templin, R.M., How, M.J., Marshall, N.J. 2015. Circularly polarized light as a communication signal in mantis shrimp. Current Biology. 25, 3074–3078. doi: 10.1016/j.cub.2015.10.047

56. Enright, J. M., Toomey, M. B., Sato, S, Temple, S. E., Allen, J. E.,  Fujiwara, R., Kramlinger, V. M., Nagy, L. D., Johnson, K. M., Xiao, Y., How, M. J., Johnson, S. L.,  Roberts, N. W., Kefalov, V. J., Guengerich, F. P., Corbo, J. C. 2015 Cyp27c1 red-shifts the spectral sensitivity of photoreceptors by converting vitamin A1 into A2. Current Biology 25 (23), 3048-3057. doi: 10.1016/j.cub.2015.10.018

55. Wilby, D., Toomey, M. B., Olsson, P., Frederiksen, R., Cornwall, M. C., Oulton, R., Kelber, A., Corbo, J. C., Roberts, N. W. 2015Optics of cone photoreceptors in the chicken (Gallus gallus domesticus). Journal of the Royal Society Interface 12, 20150591. doi: 10.1098/rsif.2015.0591

54. Sharkey, C. R., Partridge, J. C., Roberts N. W. 2015 Polarization sensitivity as a visual contrast enhancer in the Emperor dragonfly larva, Anax imperator (Leach, 1815). Journal of Experimental Biology. 218, 3399-3405. doi: 10.1242/eb.122507

53. Temple, S. E., McGregor, J. E., Miles, C., Graham, L., Miller, J., Buck, J., Scott-Samuel, N. E.,  Roberts, N. W. Perceiving polarization with the naked eye: characterization of human polarization sensitivity. Proceedings of the Royal Society B, 282(1811), 20150338, 2015. LINK


52. Gent, I.O., Seddon, A.M., Roberts, N. W., Trask R.S. Polychromatic composite films for adaptive camouflage. Proceedings of ASME 2014 Smart Materials, V002T06A003-V002T06A003, 2014.

51. Jordan T. M., Partridge J. C., Roberts N. W. Disordered animal multilayer reflectors and the localization of light. Journal of the Royal Society Interface  11 20140948, 2014. LINK

50. Roberts, N.W., How, M.J., Porter, M.L., Temple, S.E., Caldwell, R.L., Powell, S.B., Gruev, V., Marshall, N.J., and Cronin, T.W. Animal Polarization Imaging and Implications for Optical Processing. Proceedings of the IEEE 102(10), 1427-1434, 2014. LINK

49. Powell, S.B., Gao, S., Kahan, L., Charanya, T., Saha, D., Roberts, N.W., Cronin, T.W., Marshall, J., Achilefu, S., Lake, S.P., Raman, B., Gruev, V. Bioinspired Polarization Imaging Sensors: From Circuits and Optics to Signal Processing Algorithms and Biomedical Applications. V. Proceedings of the IEEE  102(10), 1450-1469, 2014. PDF 

48. How, M.J., Porter, M.L., Radford, A.N., Feller, K.D., Temple, S.E., Caldwell, R.L., Marshall, N.J., Cronin, T.W., Roberts, N.W. Out of the blue: the evolution of horizontally polarized signals in Haptosquilla (Crustacea, Stomatopoda, Protosquillidae). Journal of Experimental Biology, 217, 3425-3431, 2014. LINK

47. How, M.J., Christy, J., Roberts, N.W. and Marshall, N.J. Null point of discrimination in crustacean polarisation vision. Journal of Experimental Biology 217, 2462-2467, 2014. LINK

46. Foster, J.J., Sharkey, C.R., Gaworska, A.V.A., Roberts, N.W., Whitney, H.M. and Partridge, J.C. Bumblebees Learn Polarization Patterns. Current Biology. 24: 1415-1420, 2014. 

45. How, M.J. and Zanker, J.M. Motion camouflage induced by zebra stripes. Zoology 117(3), 163-170, 2014.

44. How, M.J. and Marshall, N.J. Polarisation distance: a framework for modelling detection by polarisation vision systems. Proceedings of the Royal Society B 281(1776), 20131632, 2014.

43. Partridge, JC, Douglas, RH, Marshall, NJ, Chung, WS, Jordan, TM, and Wagner, HJ. Reflecting optics in the diverticular eye of a deep-sea barreleye fish (Rhynchohyalus natalensis). Proceedings of the Royal Society B 281, 20133223, 2014.

42. Cheney, K.L., Cortesi, F., How, M.J., Wilson, N.G., Blomberg, S.P., Winters, A.E. Umanzör, S. and Marshall, N.J. Conspicuous visual signals do not coevolve with increased body size in marine sea slugs. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 27, 676-687, 2014.

41. Thoen, H. H., How M.J., Chiou T-H, Marshall N.J. A different form of colour vision in mantis shrimps. Science 343, 411-413, 2014.

40. Basari, N., Bruendl, A. C., Hemingway, C. E., Roberts, N. W., Sendova-Franks, A. B. and Franks, N. R. Landmarks and ant search strategies after interrupted tandem runs. The Journal of Experimental Biology 217(6), 944-954 2014. PDF


39. Alkaladi, A., How, M.J. and Zeil, J. Systematic variations in microvilli banding patterns along fiddler crab rhabdoms. Journal of Comparative Physiology A. 199(2): 99-113, 2013.

38. Jordan T. M., Partridge J. C. and Roberts N. W. Suppression of Brewster delocalization anomalies in an alternating isotropic-birefringent random layered medium Physical Review B 88(4) 041105, 2013. PDF

37. Jordan, T.M., Partridge, J.C., Roberts, N.W. Inspiration from the reflective sides of silvery fish SPIE Optoelectronics Communications DOI: 10.1117/2.1201306.004951, 2013 PDF


36. Jordan T. M., Partridge J. C. and Roberts N. W. Non-polarizing broadband multilayer reflectors in fish Nature Photonics 6 759-763, 2012. PDF

35. Graydon O. and Roberts N. The fish that beat physics Nature Photonics 6 794, 2012. PDF

34. Roberts N. W., Marshall J. N. and Cronin T. W. High levels of reflectivity and pointillist structural color in fish, cephalopods, and beetles Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 109 3387, 2012. PDF

33. Jordan T. M., Roberts N. W. and Partridge J. C. An omnidirectional broadband mirror design inspired by biological multilayer reflectors Proceedings of SPIE 8339 83390G, 2012. PDF

32. Yallop M. L., Anesio A. M., Perkins R. G., Cook J., Telling J., Fagan D., Macfarlane J., Stibal M., Barker G., Bellas C., Hodson A., Tranter M., Wadham J. and Roberts N. W. Photophysiology and albedo-changing potential of the ice algal community on the surface of the Greenland ice sheet ISME J. 6 2302-2313, 2012. PDF

31. Talbot C., Jordan T. M., Roberts N. W., Collin S. P., Marshall N. J. and Temple S.E. Corneal microprojections in coleoid cephalopods Journal of Comparative Physiology A 198 849-856, 2012. PDF

30. How, M.J., Pignatelli, V., Temple, S.E., Marshall, N.J. and Hemmi, J.M. 2012. High e-vector acuity in the polarisation vision system of the fiddler crab Uca vomeris. Journal of Experimental Biology. 215: 2128-2134 

29. Temple S. E., Pignatelli V., Cook T., How M. J., Chiou T-H. Roberts N. W. and Marshall N. J. High-resolution polarization vision in a cuttlefish Current Biology 22 R121-R122, 2012. PDF


28. Roberts N. W., Porter M.L. and Cronin T.W. The molecular basis of mechanisms underlying polarization vision Phil. Trans. R. Soc. B 366 627-637, 2011. PDF

27. Pignatelli V., Temple S. E., Chiou T-H., Roberts N. W., Collin S. P. and Marshall N. J. Behavioural relevance of polarization sensitivity as a target detection mechanism in cephalopods and fishes. Phil. Trans. R. Soc. B 366 734-741, 2011. PDF


26. Roberts N. W., Chiou T-H., Marshall N. J. and Cronin T. W. A Novel Biological Achromatic Optical Retarder Nature Photonics 3 641-644, 2009. PDF

25. Graydon O. and Roberts N. An eye for inspiration. Nature Photonics 3 668-668 2009. PDF

24. Gortz V., Southern C., Roberts N. W., Gleeson H. F. and Goodby, J. W. Frustration in a non-chiral ordered fluid. Soft Matter, 5(2), 463-471 2009. PDF

23. Wagner H-J., Douglas R.H., Frank T.M., Roberts N.W. and Partridge J.C. A novel vertebrate eye using both refractive and reflective optics Current Biology 19 108-114, 2009.  PDF

22. Cronin T. W., Chiou T-H., Caldwell R.L., Roberts N. W. and Marshall N. J. Polarization signals in mantis shrimps. Proc. SPIE 7461 74610C, 2009.

21. Goertz V., Southern C., Roberts N. W., Gleeson H. F. and Goodby J. W. Unusual properties of a bent-core liquid-crystalline fluid. Soft Matter 5 463-471, 2009. PDF


20. Grigorenko A. N., Roberts N.W., Dickinson M. R. and Zhang Y. Nanometric optical tweezers based on nanostructured substrates Nature Photonics 2 365-370, 2008. PDF

19. Southern C. D., Brimicombe P. D., Siemianowski S. D., Jaradat S., Roberts N., Gortz V., Goodby J. W. and Gleeson H.F. Thermotropic biaxial nematic order parameters and phase transitions deduced by Raman scattering Euro. Phys. Lett. 82 56001, 2008. PDF

18. Baev A., Furlani E. P., Prasad P. N., Grigorenko A. N. and Roberts N. W. Laser nanotrapping and manipulation of nanoscale objects using subwavelength apertured plasmonic media J. App. Phys. 103 084316, 2008. PDF

17. Jaradat S., Brimicombe P. D., Roberts N. W., Southern C. and Gleeson H. F. Asymmetric switching in a ferrielectric liquid crystal device App. Phys. Lett. 93 153506, 2008. PDF

16. Yang Y., Brimicombe P. D., Roberts N. W., Dickinson M. R., Osipov M. and Gleeson H. F. Continuously rotating chiral liquid crystal droplets in a linearly polarized laser trap Optics Express 16 6877-6882, 2008. PDF


15. Roberts N.W., Needham M. A mechanism of polarized light sensitivity in cone photoreceptors of the goldfish Carassius auratus. Biophys. J. 93 3241-3248, 2007. PDF

14. Jewell S.A., Vukusic P., and Roberts N.W. Circularly polarised colour reflection from helicoidal structures in the beetle Plusiotis boucardi. New J. Phys. 9 99, 2007. PDF

13. Brimicombe P. D., Roberts N. W., Jaradat S., Southern C., Wang S.-T, Huang C.-C., DiMasi E., Pindak R. and Gleeson H. F. Deduction of the temperature-dependent structure of the four- layer intermediate smectic phase using resonant X-ray scattering Euro. Phys. J. E. 23 281-287, 2007. PDF


12. Jaradat S., Roberts N. W., Wang Y., Hirst L. S. and Gleeson H. F. Remarkably Wide Four-Layer Smectic Phases in Mixtures of Liquid Crystals and Highly Chiral Dopants. J. Mater. Chem. 16 3753-3761, 2006. PDF

11. Roberts N. W. The optics of vertebrate photoreceptors: anisotropy and form birefringence Vision Research 46 3259-3266, 2006. PDF

10. Yoon Y. G., Roberts N. W. and Gleeson H. F. An experimental investigation of discrete changes in pitch in a thin, planar chiral nematic device Liquid Crystals 33 503-510, 2006. PDF

9. Gleeson H. F., Roberts N. W., Conn J., Jaradat S. and Wang Y. Mechanisms of switching in an antiferroelectric liquid crystal device revealed by time-resolved x-ray scattering Liquid Crystals 33 451-458, 2006. PDF

8. Grigorenko A. N., Gleeson H. F., Zhang Y., Roberts N. W., Sidorov A. R., and Panteleev A. A. An antisymmetric plasmon resonance in coupled gold nanoparticles as a sensitive tool for detection of local index of refraction Appl. Phys. Lett. 88 124103, 2006. PDF


7. Roberts N. W., Jaradat S., Hirst L. S., Thurlow M. S., Wang Y., Wang S. T., Liu Z. Q., Huang C.C., Bai J., Pindak R. and Gleeson H. F. Biaxiality and temperature dependence of 3- and 4-layer intermediate smectic phase structures as revealed by resonant x-ray scattering Euro. Phys. Lett. 72 976-982, 2005. PDF

6. Conn J., Roberts N. W. and Gleeson H. F. Investigation into the effects of Optical Tilt Angle Pro- file, Biaxiality and Dispersion of the Optic Axis on the Calculation of Reflection Spectra of SmC* Liquid Crystal Films Ferroelectrics 315 205-211, 2005. PDF


5. Roberts N. W., Temple S. E., Haimberger T. J. Gleeson H. F. and Hawryshyn C. W. Liquid Crystals, the visual system and polarization sensitivity Liquid Crystals Today 13 1-7, 2004. PDF

4. Roberts N. W. and Gleeson H. F. The absorption of polarized light by vertebrate photoreceptors Vision Research 44 2643-2652, 2004. PDF

3. Roberts N. W., Temple S. E., Haimberger T. J., Gleeson H. F. and Hawryshyn C. W. Differences in the optical properties of vertebrate photoreceptor classes leading to axial polarization sensitivity J. Opt. Soc. Am. A. 21 355-345, 2004. PDF

2. Roberts N. W., Guillou J-P. S., Gleeson H. F., Kirar I., Watson S. J., Arikainen E. O. Optical properties of a series of cholesteric materials used in surface stabilised cholesteric texture devices Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. 411 1099-1112, 2004. PDF


1. Roberts N. W., Bowring N., Gleeson H. F., Seed A., Nassif L., Hird M. and Goodby J. Physical properties and reflection spectra of SmC* sub-phases J. Mater. Chem. 13 353-359, 2003. PDF